Expanding Audio Access to Mathematics
Expressions by Students with Visual
Impairments via MathML
This project's goals are:
- Create rules for synthetic speech for math expressions typical of high
school-level Algebra that produce speech that is similar to speech used in
typical classrooms. This style is called ClearSpeak.
- Create the means for content-authors and content-users to customize features
of ClearSpeak to suit the needs of a student, class, or occasion.
- Create the means for content-users to use the keyboard to navigate a math
expression as it is spoken by the computer.
- Create the means for math expressions to be spoken in ClearSpeak (including
its customized settings) using screen readers within Microsoft Word and
This project is supported by the Institute of Education Sciences, U.S.
Department of Education, through Grant R324A110355 to the Educational Testing
Service. The opinions expressed in research reports or presentations posted on
this site are those of the authors and do not represent views of the Institute
or the U.S. Department of Education.
Lois Frankel, Principal Investigator, Educational Testing Service
Beth Brownstein, Co-Principal Investigator, Educational Testing Service
Neil Soiffer, Co-Principal Investigator, Design Science, Inc.