The information in this document applies to:
MathType 1.1 (Win)
Microsoft Word 2.0 (Win)
Note: To use MathType 1.1 with Word 2.0, you may either use our Macros
(which use the Microsoft DDE language) as described below, or use the
traditional cut (or copy) and paste method (please see the Windows manual for
information if you are unfamiliar with cut and paste). However, for the
following reasons we recommend you do not use the macros: 1) they are slow and
become even slower as the number of equations in the document increases, and 2)
the DDE language has had reliability problems. Later versions of MathType use a faster and
more reliable method called Object, Linking, and Embedding (OLE), and has a
macro that converts your old MathType 1.x equations into newer objects.
Using the cut and paste method presents only one minor problem: equations
pasted in-line into Word are too high relative to the base line of the text. To
resolve this, they must be subscripted. To do this, first note that when an
equation is copied to the clipboard in MathType, the lower left corner of the
MathType window displays "B= <number>"; this is the proper
amount to subscript the equation. Once the equation has been pasted into Word,
simply click once on the equation, go to “Character” in the “Format”
menu, and place this number in the “Subscript by” box.
This above process can be simplified by creating a simple keystroke macro in
Word which opens the “Character” box for you and puts in a value. You could
assign, for example, CTRL-1 to subscript 1 point, CTRL-2 to subscript 2 points,
etc. Please refer to the Word manual on creating and storing these macros.
If you are already familiar with using the DDE Macros and/or do not want to
use the cut and paste method, then please note the following comments and
A problem has come to light because the Word Macro Language was changed by
Microsoft for Word 2.0, and the macros were originally written for version 1.X
of Word. The result of this change is that the InstallMathType macro no longer
adds the macros to the Insert menu correctly. Some minor editing needs to be
done to correct this situation. To do this:
- Open Mathtype.doc in Word (the file is in the Mathtype directory after
adding the macros under Custom Install in the MathType Setup Program).
- From the menu bar, choose "Tools" and then "Macro"
from the list.
- Make sure the Template Macros button is selected, and then click once on
"InstallMathType" from the list; then choose the "Edit"
- To the 3 lines that start with ToolsOptionsMenus, add ", .Context =
0" (comma space period Context space = space zero, with NO quotes) to
the very end of the line (the line wraps around and is actually longer than
- From the menu bar, choose "File" and then "Save All"
from the listing.
- Answer "Yes" to both the "...keep changes..." and
"...save changes..." dialogs.
- Choose "File" from the menu bar and "Close" from the
- Open Mathtype.doc. Then follow the directions for installation and lastly,
again choose "File" from the menu bar and on the next two pages.
The following is a printout of the MathType.doc file that shipped with
MathType 1.1a / MS Word for Windows Compatibility and
This document outlines the installation and use of the Microsoft Word for
Windows macros we have provided that automate the interface between MathType and
Word. After the macros have been installed, there will be two new commands on
the Insert menu: "Paragraph (Display) Equation" and "In-line
(Text) Equation". These commands use the macro facilities in Word to
communicate directly with MathType via Windows' Dynamic Data Exchange (DDE)
capabilities. This document contains an installation routine that will install
the new menu items in Word and make MathType macros globally available.
Before installing the macros, you should verify the following settings.
If your version of Word is prior to 2.0:
- You must have Full Menus enabled. If you see the item 'Full Menus' on the
View menu, select it. If the View menu has a 'Short Menus' item, do not
select it; you are currently using Full Menus.
- Make sure there is not a check mark next to 'Field Codes' on the View
- Select 'Preferences' from the View menu. The Preferences dialog box will
appear. Make sure there is not a check in the box next to 'Show All *'.
You may now install the macros.
If you are using Word 2.0:
- On the View menu, make sure there is not a check mark next to 'Field
- From the Tools menu, choose 'Options'. The Options dialog box appears.
Select the 'View' category. Under 'Non-printing Characters', make sure there
is not a check in the box next to 'All'. You may now install the macros.
In order to install these macros and menu items, you must double-click on the
'Install MathType Macros' button. This will copy macros from this document to
the global area (Normal.dot) and install the new menu items. This may take about
a minute, and there will be a lot of flashing on your screen. The installation
procedure will inform you when it is done.
Users of non-English versions of Word should see the important information at
the end of this document before proceeding.
Creating a New Equation
First, make sure the MathType application is running. The easiest way to set
this up is to run MathType the normal way, and then minimize the
"Untitled 1" window that opens. Whenever you want to insert a MathType
equation in your document, just place the insertion point where you want the new
equation and choose Paragraph Equation or In-line Equation from the Insert menu.
Paragraph Equation will create an equation that is to be by itself between
blocks of text (also known as a "display equation"); In-line Equation
will create an equation that will be embedded in the text line so that the
equation's baseline aligns with the surrounding text (also known as a "text
equation"). Choosing either one will cause MathType to open a new window,
ready for you to enter the equation.
The window that MathType opens is a special Edit window. This window is
identical in every way to a 'normal' MathType window, except for the 'Save' and
'Close' options. These options will save the macro to the insertion point in
your document, not to a separate file. When closing the window, answering 'Yes'
to the save question will copy your equation back into your document; answering
'No' will not. 'Save' will paste a copy of the equation in your document and
leave you in the MathType editor.
If equations in your Word documents display as simple boxes, either the
'Pictures' display is turned off (Word 1.1), the 'Show Text with Picture
Placeholders' setting is turned on (Word 2.0), or Draft mode is turned on. Draft
mode is in effect if there is a check next to 'Draft' on the View menu. To turn
off Draft mode, select 'Draft' to remove the check.
To change Word 1.1's 'Pictures' display setting, choose 'Preferences' from
the View menu; the Preferences’ dialog box appears. Check the box next to
To change Word 2.0's 'Show Text with Picture Placeholders' setting, choose
Options from the Tools menu: the Options dialog box appears. Select the View
category. Under 'Show Text with', make sure there is not a check next to
Editing an Equation
When you want to make changes to an equation in your Word document, just
double-click on it. MathType will open a new window, the equation will be pasted
into it, and then you can make your changes. The window will have the same
functionality as described under 'Creating a New Equation.' When you are
finished, close the window and respond 'Yes' to the save question. The equation
will automatically be copied to the clipboard and pasted into the document,
replacing the original equation.
You may edit several equations at the same time. MathType will give a unique
number to each open equation which it will display as the window title. These
numbers are not true equation numbers and are not intended to be used to mark
equations for reference in the document. They are simply used to identify
equations during the editing process. After the number reaches 99, it will start
over at 1.
If Word's 'Field Code' display is turned on, double-clicking on an equation
will not work properly. Before editing an equation, make sure there is no check
next to 'Field Codes' on the View menu.
The equation creation and editing features described here are implemented
using a combination of Word macros, fields, bookmarks, and glossary features.
The macros engage in DDE (Dynamic Data Exchange) conversations with MathType.
Details on MathType's DDE support may be found by reading the Dynamic Data
Exchange section of MathType Help. This section is located under Compatibility
in the Help index. For in-depth information, select DDE.TXT from within the
Dynamic Data Exchange Help topic.
These macros may be extended to perform such feats as automatic equation
numbering and equation centering. If you want to modify the macros, you will
need to understand the Word BASIC macro language and the DDE mechanism.
Note for Users of Non-English Versions of Word
There are three changes that must be made to the macros in order for them to
function properly with your non-English version of Word. To make these changes
you must edit macros contained in the WWMacros.doc document. Users of Word 1.1
should choose 'Edit...' from the 'Macro' menu and then make sure 'Context' is
set to 'Template'. Users of Word 2.0 should choose 'Macro...' from the 'Tools'
menu and then make sure 'Show' is set to 'Template Macro'. You will then see a
list of the 8 macros contained in the document. Among them you will see "InstallMathType",
"NewDispEqn", and "NewTextEqn". These are the macros that
must be edited. To edit the macro, click on the 'OK' (Word 1.1) or 'Edit' (Word
First, you should edit "InstallMathType". See the information for
Users of NON-ENGLISH versions of Word near the beginning of the macro file and
follow the instructions. You will need to know the name of the 'Insert' menu in
Both "NewDispEqn" and "NewTextEqn" require the same
change. See the information for Users of NON-ENGLISH versions of Word near the
beginning of the document and follow the instructions for both macros. You will
need to know the name of the "macrobutton" type of field in your
language. Some language translations of Word Basic Macro names are available
from Design Science.
After the changes have been made to all three macros, you should save
MATHTYPE.DOC so that you will have these changes available in the future, should
you need them.
Now you may continue the installation according to the instructions above.